Man dies after five people take unwell at house party
Three men and two women were taken to hospital on Saturday night
A man has died after falling ill at a house party in Kilmarnock where four others were left requiring hospital treatment.
The incident took place at an address in New Farm Loch, at around 6.40pm on Saturday night.
The 30-year-old was taken to Crosshouse Hospital by ambulance, however medical staff were unable to save him and he was pronounced dead on Sunday morning.
Four others who were also in attendance at the house in the area’s Balfour Court, two men aged 23 and 35 and two women aged 24 and 26, also all reported feeling unwell and were taken to hospital for treatment.
Police Scotland confirmed the death and say they are investigating.
A spokesman for the force said: “Around 6.40pm on Saturday, November 28, police were called to a report of four people taken unwell within a house in Balfour Court, Kilmarnock.
“Officers attended and a further two people who had been in the house were traced by police.
“Three men aged 23, 30 and 35 and two women aged 24 and 26 were taken by ambulance to Crosshouse Hospital.
“The 30 year-old man died within Crosshouse Hospital on Sunday, November 29.
“Police enquiries are continuing. A post-mortem examination will take place in due course to establish the exact cause of death, however, there do not appear to be any suspicious circumstances surrounding the death.”
A further 82 people have died in Scotland after being diagnosed with coronavirus.
On Wednesday, Nicola Sturgeon told the Scottish Parliament that the total number of deaths now stands at 5970.
The total number of confirmed cases of the virus has risen to 176,533 – a rise of 1201 in the past 24 hours.
There are 1938 people currently in hospital with confirmed or suspected Covid-19, a decrease of 78 from Wednesday.
Of that number, 142 patients are in intensive care.
The First Minister also told parliament that Scotland’s R number has dropped below 1 as the country has made “progress in suppressing the virus”.
Speaking ahead of First Minister’s Questions, Sturgeon told MSPs: “That is not unexpected given the declining cases that we have seen recently but it is very welcome and it provides further evidence that the lockdown restrictions are working.
“That said, case numbers remain very high and our NHS remains under severe pressure.
“The number of people in hospital with Covid-19, for example, is still approximately 30% higher than at the peak last spring, although we are starting to see a welcome stabilisation in those figures.”
The First Minister said data was not yet available for the number of people who have now been given the coronavirus vaccine, however she said 60% of over 80s have now received the vaccination.
She added that those over the age of 70 would begin to be vaccinated next week, with the aim of rolling out the first vaccine to this age group by mid February.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson is in Scotland to emphasise the importance of the union in fighting coronavirus.
Johnson visited the Queen Elizabeth University Hospital, the Lighthouse Laboratory testing centre in Glasgow on Thursday morning.
He also met Army troops setting up a vaccination centre in Castlemilk, bumping elbows with soldiers as he was shown around the venue.
Later, he will visit the Valneva factory in Livingston, where a vaccine is being produced, leader of the house Jacob-Ress Mogg told the Commons.
Johnson was expected to say being part of the UK was crucial to rolling out the Covid-19 vaccine and supporting the Scottish economy during the pandemic.
First Minister Nicola Sturgeon believes that should the SNP win a majority at the Holyrood election – currently still scheduled for May – that would be grounds for a second independence referendum.
Opinion polls, including those for STV News, have repeatedly suggested there is now majority support for Scotland leaving the UK.
But Johnson has repeatedly said there is no case for a fresh vote, after Scots opted to remain in the union in 2014.
Sturgeon, who described Johnson’s visit to Scotland is “not essential” during the current lockdown, accused the Prime Minister of being “frightened of democracy” in his refusal to back another poll on the union.
Speaking at the Scottish Government’s Covid-19 briefing on Wednesday, Sturgeon said: “I am not and never would be saying that Boris Johnson is not welcome in Scotland. He is the Prime Minister of the UK.
“Boris Johnson is not unwelcome in Scotland, even if I had the ability to stop him.”
Downing Street defended Johnson’s decision to visit Scotland, describing it as “fundamental” to his job.
His official spokesman said: “These are Covid-related visits. You’ve seen the Prime Minister do a number of them over the past few weeks.
“It is obviously important that he is continuing to meet and see those who are on the front line in terms of those who are providing tests, in terms of those who are working so hard to deliver the vaccination plan.”
Nurses feel overwhelmed by the workload, trying to prevent infection and battling coronavirus itself, frontline workers have warned.
Claire McPake, the senior charge nurse for the Acute Medical Unit at the Royal Alexandra Hospital in Paisley, said that although staff have been given support, they are tired.
STV News was given special access to the hospital as health chiefs try to stress the importance of following lockdown rules.
Earlier this month, senior medics at Monklands Hospital and nurses from across Scotland said the health service was “on the edge” as it tried to cope with the crisis.
Ms McPake said: “We are always busy at this time of year, and after Christmas or New Year. It has been particularly worse this year.
“People are not being discharged as early as they would normally be.
“They are all being seen, but there is bit of a delay getting patients home so there is a delay getting patients in.”
The Acute Medical Unite receives patients from A&E and from the newly established SATA (Specialist Assessment Treatment Unit).
Ms McPake said that only patients with a negative test are supposed to come from SATA, and they are then placed into big rooms.
But if a person is then discovered to have Covid, the room has to be carefully cleaned before it can be used again.
She said: “Yesterday we had a patient in [a] big six-bedded area, who came in and had symptoms on an X-ray.
“This is a coincidental finding, and we decided this patient probably had Covid.
“So this becomes what is known as a contact bay, because there are already other patients there, so if anyone gets moved out or goes home, we have to keep those beds closed.”
The nurse said the contact patient gets moved to a single room and the room gets cleaned, meaning there are others on trolleys in A&E that cannot come in because there is no space.
In order to make the room safe again, staff must strip the beds, wash them down and then remake them.
Ms McPake said it can be a “vicious circle… if you’ve not got enough bodies on the floor”.
The nurse had Covid herself back in April. She lost her sense of taste and smell, and the latter has still to return.
Claire Harrow, clinical director for medicine, said: “Staff are exhausted. They’re unwell. A lot of them have either had Covid or have had relatives who have had Covid. They’ve got their own personal pressures.
“We’ve got parents, children, loved ones, all those stresses and strains that other people have. In addition to that uncertainty, and also the anxiety about what we’re doing… but also what we’re not doing.”
Ms Harrow, who has been in her post for two years, said her duty to look after patients and staff has never been been more important, but that the relentless pressure was taking its toll.
She said: “It’s not a simple illness, it’s not flu, everyone gets it slightly differently, so there are people who will bounce back quickly but there are other people who are really quite severely affected in many different and unpredictable ways.
“We can’t just expect that once someone’s Covid leave is up they’re going to be able to bounce back and step back in.”
On the ward, Ms McPake described how a lack of face-to-face interaction with relatives of patients has made the job emotionally draining.
She said: “We have end-of-life patients. That’s been very, very difficult on the nursing staff. That’s what I find most challenging.
“The end-of-life relatives and trying to let relatives in, and trying to limit the number of relatives coming in through the door.
“If it was my mum, I’m one of four, we would all want to go in and visit my mum.
“It’s very difficult if you’ve got a big family and you’re trying to say to people you can only have one relative to come and visit.”
A major coronavirus outbreak at a care home in Aberdeen has seen 85 cases confirmed.
Grandholm Care Home, in Bridge of Don, first detected the virus on January 8. Following mass testing, the majority of the other cases among residents were found.
The home is now closed to new admissions and non-essential visitors and is working with NHS Grampian and Aberdeen City Health and Social Care Partnership to contain the spread of the virus.
The home said that most of the staff and residents who tested positive have had either mild symptoms or no symptoms at all.
Next of kin for each resident who tested positive have been informed.
The 79-bed facility provides care to over 65s and people with dementia and dementia-related conditions.
A spokesperson for NHS Grampian said: “We are aware of 85 detected cases of Covid-19 associated with the Grandholm Care Home in Aberdeen. Cases have been detected amongst both staff and residents.
“The first case was detected in the home on January 8. A majority of resident cases were detected following repeated mass testing exercises.
“We are working alongside Aberdeen City Health and Social Care Partnership to provide additional support and guidance to the home management team. Care continues to be provided to all residents as normal.”
A spokesperson for Grandholm Care Home said: “I can confirm that following an outbreak of coronavirus in the home, Grandholm Care Home is now closed to new admissions and non-essential visits, in line with Scottish Government guidance.
“We are working closely with all relevant authorities to contain the spread of the virus.
“Of the residents and staff who tested positive, the vast majority have shown either no symptoms, or mild symptoms only. A number of staff and residents have already completed the self-isolation perdion, and the remaining residents are due to complete isolation on Sunday.
“As soon as the first resident tested positive for the virus, we acted immediately to inform the relevant authorities and arrange for all residents to be tested.
“The next of kin of each resident who has tested positive for the virus have been informed, and we will continue to regularly test staff and residents and keep all relatives informed accordingly. In line with Scottish Government guidance, all affected team members are now self-isolating and the affected residents are being cared for in isolation.
“We continue to follow all Scottish Government and Health Protection Scotland advice in relation to infection prevention and control, and do everything in our power to safeguard the health and wellbeing of all residents and team members.”
Sir Geoff Palmer rolls up his sleeve without hesitation and leans his arm out of the car window – ready to receive the first dose of the coronavirus vaccine.
It is a significant moment for the academic and human rights activist.
He now has some immunity against Covid-19. But in a broader sense, his willingness to receive the vaccine sends a powerful message to the black and minority ethnic (BAME) community about the importance of getting immunised.
There are concerns some ethnic minority groups in Scotland could be reluctant to take up the Covid-19 vaccine after misinformation about its side effects spread online.
Faith leaders and medics are assuring people it is safe, and are highlighting the importance of getting the jab.
“It sort of makes me feel more responsible,” said Palmer.
“Because what I was fearful of is that if I didn’t get this vaccine I could be infecting somebody else and the whole idea of responsibility is that you are respecting other people’s lives,” he added.
This week, celebrities joined forces to counter misinformation in ethnic minority communities amid concerns they are being targeted by anti-vaccine propaganda.
They are among the most hesitant to be vaccinated but also the most affected – with infections and deaths disproportionately high.
General Practitioner Dr Punam Krishan says some of the common misconceptions have been around falsehoods such as the vaccine containing meat products.
She said: “We’ve actually had senior faith leaders from the Muslim community, from the Indian community, verify that that is not the case.
“So there is no pork, no beef, no gelatine; there are no human embryo cells in the vaccine.”
But not everyone is convinced.
Shahnoor Chowdhury has underlying health conditions. He remains sceptical because of things he’s heard from people in his community.
He told STV News: “Some people say it is not effective, some people say the ethnic minority people are affected more, so this is something very scary for me, especially as I’m 75-years-old, if I don’t get the right information at the right time.
“Not only me, but there are hundreds of thousands of people like me, who are very scared about this situation.”
Some want tougher action on those behind the misinformation being spread about the vaccine.
The Edinburgh and Lothian Regional Equality Council (Elrec) said older South Asian people often rely on family networks for information and may encounter “foreign messages” spreading false claims.
It has called on the Scottish Government to ensure that translated public health information reaches older people in minority communities who may have language or literacy issues.
Foysol Choudhury, the chairman of Elrec, said: “Those people who are scaring people, to me they are killers.
“They are spreading rumours, they are giving wrong information to people. I would urge the Government to make sure that if they are caught they are punished like criminals.”
Equalities Minister Chistina McKelvie believes there is an overlap between the groups who are most hesitant about the vaccine and those most affected by Covid-19.
McKelvie has written to community leaders “asking for their help in developing and delivering targeted messages to communities, to address specific barriers they may have to taking up the vaccination”.
That is one example of a greater focus on how to deliver targeted messages to ethnic minority communities.
Professor Vittal Katikireddi, a professor of public health and health inequalities at the University of Glasgow, said: “I think that involves people in the local authorities, within local public health organisations, but also individual GP practices, churches, other religious organisations and other local groups who are actually much closer to people’s lives and then often much more trusted.”
As the rollout of the vaccine continues to pick up pace, it is the building of trust and the debunking of myths – particularly among minority ethnic groups – that remain some of the key challenges in this pandemic.
Scots are set to wake up to wintry weather conditions as two weather warnings for snow have been put in place.
On Thursday, the Met Office issued two yellow alerts for snow across the country.
A warning was put in place for parts of the central belt, the Scottish Borders and Strathclyde from 4am until 3pm.
Meanwhile a second alert for snow was put in place across Grampian, Tayside, the Highlands and parts of the west coast until 9am on Friday.
Heavy rainfall has also affected parts of the country, with motorists warned to drive with care as surface water affects roads.
Gritters have been deployed to treat roads across the country.
STV meteorologist Sean Batty said: “The initial risk overnight and into Thursday morning will be across central and southern Scotland, although mainly above 200 metres.
“At higher levels here there could be a few centimetres of snow by Thursday morning, for the likes of Peebles, Moffat, Wanlockhead, Lanark and East Kilbride.
“So a spell of snow is likely on the higher parts of the M74, A71 and possibly the highest parts of the M77 and M8 for a time.
“I reckon the most disruptive snow will be as this whole system drifts north of the central belt, across the Highlands, Perthshire, west Aberdeenshire, northern Stirlingshire and eastern Argyll where as much as 20cm could settle by Friday morning above 200 metres.
“This could lead to road closure, with roads such as the A9, A95, A96 and A939 at risk of some awful conditions for a time.
“If we get as much as 20cm by Friday morning in some of our higher villages there is a potential for them to be cut off as local roads become impassible.
“The mix of rain and hill snow will ease into Friday to leave much brighter and drier conditions for the weekend, although we should expect some very low temperatures at night with lows of -15C possible in the Highlands.
“While this spell of cold weather has for the most part not been overly severe, it’s lasted for a good while now.
“I’ve been looking through the stats for winter so far and somewhere in Scotland has reported a low of -5C or lower on 24 nights so far this winter, which is the most we’ve had since the severe cold of winter 2010/11.
“We will continue to see this battle between warm and cold air well into February, and with severe cold setting in over Scandinavia in the coming weeks, this will need close watching as an easterly air flow would bring it our way.”
Large-scale manufacturing of a coronavirus vaccine candidate from French biotech company Valneva has begun in Scotland.
If approved, it would deliver up to 60 million doses to the UK by the end of this year.
Here is everything you need to know about Valneva’s coronavirus vaccine candidate.
What type of vaccine is this?
Valneva’s offering falls into a category of jabs known as inactivated whole virus vaccines.
These vaccines contain viruses whose genetic material has been destroyed by heat, chemicals or radiation so they cannot infect cells and replicate but can still trigger an immune response.
Has this technology been used before?
Yes, this technology is well-established and has been used in seasonal influenza, hepatitis A, polio and rabies vaccines.
The Covid-19 vaccines developed by Chinese companies Sinovac and Sinopharm, and India’s Bharat Biotech, which have all been approved for emergency use in their countries, are also inactivated vaccines.
How does the vaccine work?
Sars-Cov-2, the virus that causes Covid-19, is studded with spike proteins which it uses to enter human cells.
While the genetic material virus in the Valneva vaccine candidate has been destroyed, the inactivation process preserves the structure of the spike protein, which helps the body identify the substance as a “foreign invader” and induces an immune response.
So later, when a vaccinated person comes into contact with the virus, the immune system is primed for attack.
How does it compare to the Pfizer/BioNTech and Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccines?
Unlike the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine, which needs to be kept at a temperature of about minus 70C, both the Valneva and Oxford/AstraZeneca jabs conform with the standard cold chain requirements, which is between 2C and 8C.
All three vaccines require a second booster shot to maximise immune response.
Are there clinical trials in the UK?
The Valneva candidate vaccine is being tested on 150 volunteers at testing sites in Birmingham, Bristol, Newcastle and Southampton.
These tests will show whether the vaccine produces a safe and effective immune response against Covid-19.
If successful, larger tests will be planned for April 2021, with more than 4000 UK volunteers taking two doses.
These trials will include those aged 18-65 as well as over-65s.
It is the fifth vaccine supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) to enter clinical trials in the UK, alongside those from Oxford/AstraZeneca, Imperial College London, Novavax and Janssen.
If proven to be a successful candidate, Valneva’s vaccine could be available by the end of 2021.
Has the UK Government secured Valneva vaccine doses?
There is an in-principle agreement for 60 million doses, with an option to acquire a further 130 million doses from 2022-2025.
The Scottish Government’s latest Budget will be the “most important in the history of devolution”, Finance Secretary Kate Forbes has said.
As Scotland wrestles with the coronavirus pandemic and forecasted downturns caused by Brexit, Forbes will outline her spending pledges in Holyrood on Thursday.
Some opposition parties have urged the Government to focus on recovery from the virus crisis, which has caused one of the greatest economic shocks in history.
Little is known about what Forbes will outline, although she has already said there will not be a public sector pay freeze similar to that imposed by the UK Government.
She has also hinted at the extension of rates relief for businesses, though has stressed the Scottish Government has “limited resources” with which to back the policy.
Speaking ahead of her Budget statement in Parliament, she said: “This is the most important Budget in the history of devolution. It comes as we are tackling a global pandemic and working to mitigate the damaging effects of a Brexit that Scotland did not vote for.
“I must ensure that every penny I have at my disposal makes an impact. The measures I am laying before Parliament today will provide certainty and stability to business, support families and bolster public services, while promoting sustainable growth and creating jobs.
“I hope the Scottish Parliament will support this Budget and help build the fairer, greener and more prosperous Scotland we all want to see.”
Her spending announcement was pushed back due to a delay to the UK Government’s Budget, which will not now be outlined until March.
Forbes said her planning had been impacted by a lack of knowledge of UK plans, as she again called for greater powers to be devolved to Scotland.
“The delayed UK Budget has made the task more difficult by denying us crucial information on tax rates and funding,” she said.
“It highlights the flawed fiscal arrangements the devolved administrations operate within and I once again urge the Chancellor to grant the borrowing powers and flexibility we need to respond quickly and decisively to the unprecedented challenges facing us all.”
The Scottish Conservatives have urged the Government to ensure it can deliver the pledges laid out in the Budget, with leader Douglas Ross accusing ministers of making “empty promises” over business support announced in the last few months.
The party has listed nine points it wants the Scottish Government to commit to, including to rule out tax rises, to cover free school meals for all primary school children, and to defund any preparations for another independence referendum.
Scottish Labour has highlighted the importance of business support in the economic recovery, calling for further help as well as investment in training and skills, combined with increased funding for the NHS and a £15 per hour pay deal for social care workers.
The Liberal Democrats said their focus is on more support for mental health services following the pandemic, and funding for schools to help pupils disadvantaged by the coronavirus crisis.
Fresh appeal to release Scottish Sikh jailed in India
Jagtar Singh Johal was arrested in November 2017 after travelling to the Punjab for his wedding.
A charity has appealed to Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab to secure the immediate release of a Scottish Sikh who has been held in India without trial for more than three years.
Jagtar Singh Johal, 33, was arrested on November 4, 2017, after travelling to the Punjab for his wedding, with local media linking his detention to the killing of Hindu leaders in the area.
The Times and the BBC report that human rights group Reprieve has written to Mr Raab over concerns that some of the charges against the Dumbarton man carry the death penalty.
“They made me sign blank pieces of paper and asked me to say certain lines in front of a camera under fear of extreme torture”
Jagtar Singh Johal
“Reprieve is concerned that the risk of Jagtar being sentenced to death and executed is high given the politicised nature of this case,” the Times quoted Reprieve’s statement as saying.
Mr Singh Johal told the newspaper and the BBC that he had signed a blank confession after being tortured.
“They made me sign blank pieces of paper and asked me to say certain lines in front of a camera under fear of extreme torture,” he said via his lawyer.
He also repeated allegations of torture and mistreatment by Indian authorities.
SNP MP Martin Docherty-Hughes has previously raised the case in the House of Commons and arranged for Mr Raab’s predecessor, Jeremy Hunt, to meet his constituent’s family.
“Irrespective of what Jagtar’s been accused of, he is a British citizen and the Foreign Office has an obligation to ensure his rights under international law are protected,” the West Dunbartonshire MP said in March 2019.
A spokesman for the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office said: “Our staff continue to support Jagtar Singh Johal following his detention in India, and are in regular contact with his family and prison officials about his health and wellbeing.
“We have consistently raised concerns about his case with the government of India, including allegations of torture and mistreatment and his right to a fair trial.
“There has been extensive ministerial engagement on Jagtar Singh Johal’s case. Most recently, the Foreign Secretary raised his case with Indian External Affairs Minister (Subrahmanyam) Jaishankar during his visit to India.
“Lord (Tariq) Ahmad of Wimbledon, minister of state for South Asia and the Commonwealth, has met with Mr Johal’s family on six occasions, most recently on January 27.
“We will continue to raise our concerns directly with the government of India, including the need for an investigation into the allegations of torture.”